The hottest industry to build 40 Germany accelerat

2022-07-30
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Build industry 4.0 and speed up the digital construction in Germany

in the process of building industry 4.0 in Germany, famous companies such as Siemens and Bosch have made attempts. The picture shows the intelligent factory model displayed by Siemens at this year's Hannover Industrial Expo in Germany

on August 20, the cabinet of the German federal government adopted the 2014-2017 digital agenda, which aims to boost economic growth by strengthening the construction of digital technology facilities, and thus provide impetus for the construction of the industrial 4.0 system

the focus of industry 4.0 is to combine information interconnection technology with traditional industrial manufacturing. In the future production process, it will not only be the communication between people, but also the digital interconnection between machines for information exchange. According to the estimation of the German National Academy of science and engineering, industry 4.0 can improve the production efficiency of enterprises by 30%

industry 4.0 has become a strong development trend of German industry

the digital agenda was jointly launched by the Federal Ministry of economy and energy, the Ministry of the interior and the Ministry of transport and digital infrastructure construction. Hannokemperman, an expert in the field of digital economy and regional analysis of the consulting company of the German Cologne Economic Research Institute, told this newspaper that the digital agenda specially adopted this time is crucial to the economic development of Germany. Germany's traditional strength is industry and production technology. To really promote industry 4.0, the network infrastructure also needs to meet high requirements

industry 4.0 has become a strong development trend of German industry, which has received a lot of support from the government. The government recognizes that in the process of building industry 4.0, digital construction will generate crystallization for Germany when the material temperature is slightly lower than the melting temperature, so as to achieve sustained economic growth and boost the employment rate

famous companies such as Siemens and Bosch have taken steps in intelligent industry. German Vice Chancellor and Minister of economy and energy Gabriel also mentioned at the press conference on the 20th that traditional manufacturing enterprises such as Volkswagen also participated in this year's Hannover international information and Communication Technology Expo, which is also an example of the integration of information technology and traditional manufacturing

in addition to industry 4.0, digital development can also bring more abundant digital business models to enterprises, such as online stores, remote maintenance, etc. According to the survey, at least one-third of German enterprises today have realized that Internet is an important part that can support successful operation. Digitalization can promote the upgrading of business model. Taking the remote maintenance service as an example, enterprises will no longer only sell machinery, but also provide guarantee for the operation of machinery through networks, so as to diversify their business methods. As a result, enterprises can sell more value-added services along with commodities

the current network situation in Germany is far from meeting the huge development needs in the future.

industry 4.0 requires complete connection between all enterprises, and the real-time connection is very important. This is a huge challenge to the current network situation in Germany, especially those small and medium-sized enterprises that do not have the capacity to build their own network also need to be included in this network system

kempelman said that there are great differences between urban and rural areas in German network construction. In big cities, the network coverage is good and there are many operators. However, the situation in the countryside is far worse, and about two-thirds of German industrial enterprises are located in the countryside. This is very troublesome for enterprises to integrate into industry 4.0, because if rural enterprises can not be well connected digitally, it will have an impact on other enterprises in IOT. In other words, these rural industrial enterprises cannot enter the value chain of the entire industrial 4.0 system

according to the ideal state of future industry 4.0, a truck can directly tell a machine what kind of goods it will deliver, so that the machine can plan the most appropriate working time and make preparations on time. To realize this vision, we need to provide premise guarantee with solid digital infrastructure construction. Kemperman emphasized that fast, safe, real-time and speed symmetry are the four characteristics of a network

under the background of industry 4.0, looking forward to the future, the growth of information technology will be more rapid. By 2018, the amount of digital information used by industrial and service enterprises will double that of 2013, reaching 60billion bytes per month

however, such a large capacity network costs a lot. Some organizations estimate that if the optical fiber network is installed throughout Germany, the cost will reach 80billion euros. Even if not all optical fiber networks are used, there is no specific conclusion about where the high investment comes from

at the same time, the long-term nature of the goals proposed by the government has also been questioned. Kemperman said: it is not enough to propose in the digital agenda to build a network speed of 50 megabits per second (50mbit/s). Although 2018 is the first step of the plan, such a speed may be able to meet the demand, according to our research, by 2020, the network speed needs to reach 100 megabits. Generally, excellent alloy structural steel is used, because the future growth of information is very rapid

how to ensure the security of huge network data has attracted the attention of enterprises.

trust and security is also one of the core objectives of the digital agenda proposed this time. According to the regular survey of large enterprises conducted by the Cologne Institute of economics, 2/3 of the 1000 or so enterprises interviewed this year believe that network security is very important in the context of industry 4.0. Kemperman said: If enterprises think that they can not communicate safely, this will be a serious problem. Enterprises' information and sensitive data are their treasures, and enterprises are unwilling to bear the risk of stealing these information

Rheinland Group, a German product quality inspection company, caused various problems in the measurement process. Olaf Siemens, vice chairman of the information security department, told this newspaper that the requirement of industry 4.0 is that all production links are fully connected, including offices, information infrastructure and production infrastructure, and between enterprises and suppliers and customers. In other words, the alliance will be more thorough than it is today. This presents more challenges

Kemperman pointed out that safety is one of the most important issues. A series of monitoring scandals have made people lose trust in information security. In my opinion, the federal government should take political measures in addition to technical standards. The friends mentioned by Merkel should not listen and should also have mechanism guarantees, such as sanctions and legal guarantees. At present, it is not enough for the government to equip the equipment with a certain number of other equipment as auxiliary or mechanical testing equipment. In terms of legislation, it is mentioned in the digital agenda that an important step to achieve information security is to issue the basic regulations on information protection by 2015 at the latest

it is reported that Bavaria has launched relevant research projects, such as how to realize secure network connection, encrypt data end-to-end and prevent information from being monitored. In this regard, the federal government has not yet proposed specific measures

Kemperman believes that the positive side of the digital agenda is that the government has recognized the importance of this issue and pointed out the key issues that need to be solved urgently. But at the same time, the agenda has not yet given a specific mode of operation. It is understood that the preliminary implementation of the digital agenda will be announced at the national information technology summit in Hamburg, Germany, in late October

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